CO2 emissions European maritime transport

Source: EMSA MRV

MRV: Control, notification and verification of emissions

As of January 1, 2018, large ships of more than 5,000 gross tons loading or unloading cargo or passengers in ports in the European Economic Area (EEA) will be required to track and report their corresponding CO2 emissions and other relevant information. The monitoring, notification and verification (MRV) of the information will be done in accordance with Regulation 2015/757 (modified by Delegated Regulation 2016/2071).

DCS: Data Collection System (OMI)

Following the adoption of the EU Regulation on MRV, the IMO established an IMO Data Collection System (DCS). The system requires owners of large ships (over 5,000 gross tons) engaged in international shipping to report information on the fuel consumption of their ships to their flag States.

The IMO system entered into force in March 2018 and the collection of data on fuel consumption began on January 1, 2019. As a result, from 2019, ships calling at EEA ports will have to report under both the EU MRV Regulation and the IMO data collection system.

In February 2019, the European Commission made a proposal to modify the EU MRV Regulation to take due account of the IMO DCS system, while maintaining a higher level of transparency, publishing the data of each vessel, which includes the tons transported, while DCS publishes aggregate information.

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